Rikers Island Jail Crisis

FILE - This Tuesday Dec. 2, 2014, file photo shows the Rikers Island jail complex in the foreground within the East River and the New York skyline in the background. Nearly all female and transgender inmates at New York City’s Rikers Island jail complex will be moved to state lockups in nearby Westchester County to relieve strain on the city’s failing jails, Gov. Kathy Hochul said Wednesday, Oct. 13, 2021.

NEW YORK (AP) — Nearly all female and transgender inmates at New York City’s Rikers Island jail complex will be temporarily transferred to state lockups, a move officials touted Wednesday as a way to relieve strain on the city’s failing jails but that advocates slammed as a “rushed, ill-conceived” plan that will deprive inmates of services and support.

Beginning next week, about 230 inmates will be moved to the state-run Bedford Hills Correctional Facility and Taconic Correctional Facility, both in suburban Westchester County, Gov. Kathy Hochul said. The city said it will provide daily bus service for visitors to the facilities, which are located next to each other about 33 miles (53 kilometers) north of Rikers Island.

Tina Luongo, of The Legal Aid Society, said the organization is considering legal action to block the transfers, which she said “will create new harms” for inmates by “disrupting their access to due process, their children, families and support networks.” Luongo said she's also concerned that transgender and nonbinary inmates will be cut off from resources and housed in the wrong units.

Hochul's administration has been increasingly involved in trying to help solve what advocates have described as a “humanitarian crisis” at the city's jails, which have been plagued by staggering violence, self-harm, crippling staff absences and the deaths this year of at least 12 inmates.

In recent weeks, state facilities have taken on about 140 male inmates from Rikers.

An additional 240 inmates were released after Hochul signed a law, known as the Less is More Act, limiting incarceration for certain parole violations. The governor has also expanded the use of virtual court appearances in an effort to free up correctional officers from having to take inmates to and from courthouses.

As of Oct. 1, the city’s jail population was 5,588, down from more than 6,000 inmates in mid-September. In recent years, staffing in the city’s jails has plummeted from 10,862 jail guards in the 2017 fiscal year to 8,388 in 2021.

Jonathan Lippman, the former state chief judge who now leads a criminal justice reform think tank, praised Wednesday's transfer announcement as “another sensible step” by Hochul to address the problems at Rikers and suggested it would give affected inmates better access to medical care, recreation and education services at the state facilities.

At the same time, Lippman, the chair of the Independent Commission on New York City Criminal Justice and Incarceration Reform, stressed that the move must remain temporary because transferred inmates will be farther from family, courts and legal services.

“To mitigate this, every woman’s case should be reviewed immediately to determine whether they can be safely released or their cases resolved,” Lippman said in a statement.

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